Wisdom Teeth Overview

The four wisdom teeth or the third molars, as they are also known, are the final set of teeth to erupt. These grow at the back of your mouth at the age of between 17 and 25, a time of life when humans typically come to their physical maturity. However, approximately one third of the world population has never got their wisdom teeth. While wisdom teeth are the last to grow, these teeth are usually the first to remove. A recent scientific study, conducted by a team of researchers from the University of North Carolina, found out that “many people get their wisdom teeth removed in their late teens”.  learn about wisdom teeth removal here

wisdom teeth complications Wisdom Teeth Complications

Wisdom teeth can cause various problems, which may turn out quite serious and painful. Problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, damage to adjacent teeth, jawbone and nerves, infections and formation of cysts can develop when wisdom teeth are not properly aligned or have become impacted. (A tooth that is impacted is growing under the bone, another tooth or overlying gum, and it cannot develop properly because space is insufficient in the dental arch.) All these complications require wisdom teeth removal.

Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Wisdom teeth extraction is a surgical intervention which usually lasts for about 30 minutes. If there are serious complications, the surgery may extend over an hour or so. The wisdom teeth removal procedure is easier to be carried out when the patient is young as the teeth’s roots are not fully developed (do not involve the nerve), and the surrounding bone is softer. The post-surgical healing process is also easier and less complicated. So, most dentists do not recommend waiting until problems with wisdom teeth become obvious. Ultimately, the third molars will cause trouble, and the best solution is to get ahead. And there is one more reason to consider wisdom teeth extraction: researchers from the University of North Carolina have found out that the removal of third molars “might improve the early periodontal (gum) disease”.

Post-removal Complications

Dry socket and Paresthesia are the most serious complications that occur after wisdom teeth extraction. The dry socket delays the healing process as at the extraction site, the blood clot that forms the foundation for the new bone and tissue does not develop properly. This complication is accompanied by pain, but your dentist or oral surgeon will help you by placing medication into the socket. Paresthesia denotes numbness of the tongue, lips, or chin, caused by nerve damage during the surgical procedure. This condition usually lasts a couple of days or weeks but sometimes, Paresthesia may extends over a couple of months or even become permanent. Fortunately, numbness is a rare post-removal problem.